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Sindrom obstructiv distal - sfatul mediculu

  1. Sindrom obstructiv distal - IntroducereSindromul de ischemie acuta periferica face parte din marea familie a bolilor arteriale periferice. Reprezinta o conditie prin care fluxul sanguin care strabate o artera este obstruat br
  2. Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS, formerly called meconium ileus equivalent) is a recurrent, partial or complete intestinal obstruction unique to teenage and young adult patients with CF that occurs secondary to abnormally viscid mucofeculent material in the distal ileum and right colon. 152-156 The etiology of DIOS is unclear, but.
  3. al manifestations of cystic fibrosis. In older children or young adults with cystic fibrosis, the distal small bowel may become obstructed with a mucofaeculent material in the distal ileum and right colon. On this page: Article: Epidemiology. Clinical presentation. Pathology
  4. Spirometrie #9 - sindrom obstructiv distal Conceptul de sindrom obstructiv distal reprezinta o modificare obstructiva incipienta observata pe spirometrie, care poate evolua spre o afectare pulmonara mai grava. Este bine de identificat repede, mai ales daca exista simptome respiratorii neexplicate altfel

Distal Intestinal Obstruction Syndrome - an overview

Sindrom obstructiv distal. Bursita. » Secțiunea: Boli și afecțiuni. este inflamatia bursei determinata de uzajul repetitiv, trauma, infectie sau boli inflamatorii sistemice. Bursa este un sac cu lichid care protejeaza capetele articulare ale oaselor si se suprapune muschilor sau intre oase si tendoane, piele. Acesti saci sinoviali sunt. Sindrom obstructiv. Revista Galenus. Afectiune caracterizata printr-o micsorare a calibrului bronhiilor. Cauze - Un sindrom obstructiv este cauzat de o tulburare a ventilatiei (circulatiei de aer in caile respiratorii) provocata de astm sau de o boala legata de tabagism (bronsita cronica obstructiva, emfizem) Tipul obstructiv este cel mai frecvent, fiind intalnit in aproximativ 80% din cazurile de SAS. Cauzele apneei în somn. Sindromul de apnee in somn, de tip obstructiv (SASO), se caracterizeaza prin episoade recurente de obstructie la nivelul cailor aeriene superioare in timpul somnului, care duc la aparitia apneilor- absenta fluxului de aer la. Patellofemoral (puh-tel-o-FEM-uh-rul) pain syndrome is pain at the front of your knee, around your kneecap (patella). Sometimes called runner's knee, it's more common in people who participate in sports that involve running and jumping. The knee pain often increases when you run, walk up or down stairs, sit for long periods, or squat Icter - Sindromul icteric. Icterul defineste culoarea galbena a mucoaselor si a pielii, ca urmare a depunerii pigmentilor biliari, fiind expresia clinica a unei hiperbilirubinemii de peste 2,5 mg/dl. Termenul de subicter defineste coloratia galbuie a sclerei neasociata cu colorarea pielii si exprima o crestere de peste 1,8 mg/dl, a.

Sindromul de apnee in somn: diagnostic si tratament. Criteriile de diagnostic pentru sindromul de apnee in somn sunt: 15 episoade de apnee (oprire a respiratiei) pe parcursul unei ore de somn insotite sau nu de somnolenta pe parcursul zilei, sforait, oboseala, insomnie http://prezentarimedicale.blogspot.com Nu uitati sa va abonati. Conceptul de sindrom obstructiv distal reprezinta o modificare obstructiva incipienta observa.. = un sindrom caracterizat prin acumularea bilirubinei in ser si depunerea ei in tesutul subcutanat. = un simptom / semn coloratia galbena a mucoaselor si tegumentului Cauze de icter obstructiv. Chistul hidatic rupt in caile biliare Cauze de icter obstructiv Cancer al capului pancreatic Cauze de icter obstructiv Cancer a Causes of Cauda Equina Syndrome CES occurs more often in adults than in children. But it can occur in children who have a spinal birth defect or have had a spinal injury

Symptoms and Diagnosis. CES is accompanied by a range of symptoms, the severity of which depend on the degree of compression and the precise nerve roots that are being compressed. Patients with CES may experience some or all of these red flag symptoms. Urinary retention: the most common symptom. The patient's bladder fills with urine. Sindrom postflebitic. Sunt 5 variante ale sindromului postflebitic : Obstructiv. În unele cazuri are loc repermeabiliarea ( recanalizarea) venei obturate, altfel aceasta rămâne obturată. Supleerea - dilatarea venelor colaterale pentru ocolirea obstacolului

VOLUMELE PULMONARE DINAMICE • valori normale: VEMS = 80-120% din VEMS ideal ∀ ↓ VEMS = SINDROM RESTRICTIV SINDROM OBSTRUCTIV 22. VOLUMELE PULMONARE DINAMICE • se preferă exprimarea procentuală a VEMS-ului din CV • indice de permeabilitate bronşică (IPB) = indice Tiffneau VEMS IPB = X 100 CV • valoare normală = 70% - 85% ∀. Cauze - Un sindrom obstructiv este cauzat de o tulburare a ventilatiei (circulatiei de aer in caile respiratorii) provocata de astm sau de o boala legata de tabagism (bronsita cronica obstructiva, emfizem). Simptome si diagnostic - Spirometria (Inregistrarea respiratiei) arata o micsorare a debitelor de aer, indeosebi a V.E.M.S. (volum. 1. DISFUNCTIA VENTILATORIE OBSTRUCTIVA ; 2. Disfunctia ventilatorie obstructiva caracteristica fundamentala este prezenta sindromului obstructiv = cresterea rezistentei in caile aeriene la trecerea coloanei de aer Fenomenul obstructiv poate sa se localizeze oriunde de-a lungul cailor aeriene: -sindrom obstructiv al cailor respiratorii superioare (incluzand si traheea) -sindrom obstructiv al. distal CBD akibat kompresi dari beberapa divertikula periampula. Sphinterektomi endoskopi dilakukan dan stent diangkat. Evaluasi lebih lanjut dari limfadenitis TB direncanakan dalam rawat jalan. Setelah satu bulan follow-up, tidak ada jaundice yang muncul kembali. Kata kunci: sindrom Lemmel, obstruktif, ikterus, sphinterektomi endoskopi. Icterul este un termen folosit pentru a descrie o nuanta galbena a pielii si a albului ochiului. Culoarea pielii si a albului ochilor variaza in functie de nivelurile de bilirubina, un material rezidual acumulat in sange. Nivelurile moderate duc la o culoare galbena, in timp ce nivelele foarte ridicate vor parea maro

Definitie sindrom somn-apnee (SAS) Tulburare a somnului caracterizata prin episoade recurente de pauze in respiratie (apnee) sau de respiratii coronariene la pacientii cu SAS obstructiv Cauze posibile: Activarea sistemului nervos simpatic Cresterea activitatii procoagulant Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) involves blockage of the intestines by thickened stool. DIOS is similar to constipation in that there is a back-up of stool in the digestive tract. However, it differs from constipation in that the back-up of stool is higher up in the intestines Sindrom obstructiv. Afectiune caracterizata printr-o micsorare a calibrului bronhiilor. Cauze - Un sindrom obstructiv este cauzat de o tulburare a ventilatiei (circulatiei de aer in caile respiratorii) provocata de astm sau de o boala legata de tabagism (bronsita cronica obstructiva, emfizem)

sindrom de apnee in somn de tip obstructiv Sindromul de apnee in somn de tip obstructiv (SASO), o afectiune subdiagnosticata in multe tari , care consta in repetate episoade de colaps de cai aeriene superioare in timpul somnului este din ce in ce mai bine descifrata din punctul de vedere al consecintelor asupra organismului Sindromul de apnee in somn de tip obstructiv (SASO) consta din intreruperi repetate ale respiratiei in timpul somnului cu durata de 3-5 secunde. Aceste opriri ale respiratiei pot determina scaderea oxigenului in sange, ceea ce va solicita foarte mult inima si creierul si poate duce in final la probleme foarte serioase Icterul este colorația gălbuie a tegumentelor, sclerelor, mucoaselor datorită creșterii concentrației serice a bilirubinei de peste 1,5 mg/dl.. Este un sindrom clinic observat în bolile ficatului și ale vezicii biliare provocat de pigmenții biliari (bilirubină) aflați în exces în circuitul sanguin (hiperbilirubinemie).. Icterul este de cele mai multe ori singura manifestare a unei.

Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome Radiology

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of apnea. Find out more about why this common sleep disorder happens and how it's treated Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) is gastrointestinal manifestation of CF and is a condition unique to CF. It may present at any time with a prevalence of 7-8% in childhood and 14-16 % among adults Sindrom complex, cu etiologie plurifactorial ă benign ă (litiaza CBP, chistul hidatic, pancreatita cronic ă) și malign ă (cancerul de cap de pancreas, colangiocarcinomul, cancerul de vezicul ă biliar ă), icterul obstructiv ocup ă un loc aparte în patologia bilio-pancreatic ă, cu importan ț Studiind portiunea descendenta a curbei pare sa nu existe sindrom obstructiv. PERFORMANTE SCAZUTE Subiectul nu expira cu putere si cat poate de lung Nu expira cu putere de la inceput. Primii 10% din curba sunt cu amplitudine mica. Valoarea FVC nu va fi cea corecta. Proba trebuie repetata. Panta descendenta nu arata sindrom obstructiv Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a term used to describe a group of disorders that occur when there is compression, injury, or irritation of the nerves and/or blood vessels (arteries and veins) in the lower neck and upper chest area. Learn about Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Therapy Options from the number one heart center, Cleveland Clinic

Unlike other causes of urogenital pain and dysfunction, these symptoms resolve, at least transiently, when the obturator internus muscle is relaxed by a bupivacaine (Marcaine) injection and resolve permanently with neuroplasty release of the nerve to the obturator internus and the pudendal nerve If you've got a nagging pain on the outer part of your knee, especially if you're a runner, it could be a symptom of iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome.It's an injury often caused by.

sindrom obstructiv distal - Prezentari Medical

Zinner syndrome is a Wolffian duct abnormality comprising a triad of unilateral renal agenesis, ipsilateral seminal vesicle cyst and ejaculatory duct obstruction. This condition was first described by Zinner in 1914.1 This is a rare condition with less than 200 cases reported in the literature. The association between upper urinary tract. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers Vasculita pulmonara LES FRECVENTA DETERMINARE PLEURO-PULMONARA BOALA REUMATICA * N / I T / N FEV1 (VEMS) N / FVC mixt restictiv obstructiv Cauzele afectarii pulmonare in bolile reumatismale Afectiunea Reumatica Cauza independenta Medicatie folosita durerea toracica dispneea tusea hemoptizia Cauze : - pleuro-pulmonare - cardiace - anemie severa. Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of inherited connective tissue disorders caused by abnormalities in the structure, production, and/or processing of collagen.The new classification, from 2017, includes 13 subtypes of EDS. Although other forms of the condition may exist, they are extremely rare and are not well-characterized. The signs and symptoms of EDS vary by type and range from. Kuru is a neurological disease contracted through cannibalism of the dead during funeral rites. Read more on this rare disease

The infrapatellar fat pad (also known as the Hoffa Pad) is one of three fat pads in the front of your knee. It is located below the knee cap and above the patellar tendon, enclosed by the thigh bone and shin bone, and resting between the knee joint capsule and connective tissues of your knee Pronator Syndrome. Pronator Syndrome is a compressive neuropathy of the median nerve at the level of the elbow. Diagnosis is made clinically with pain at the proximal volar forearm, sensory changes over the palmar cutaneous branch, and positive Tinel's over the proximal volar forearm. Treatment involves a prolonged nonoperative course, and. Gitelman syndrome, also known as familial hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia, is a rare genetic disorder in which there is a specific defect in kidney function. This defect impairs the kidney's ability to reabsorb salt and causes changes in various electrolyte concentrations as well as contraction of extracellular fluid volume (thus causing symptoms.

In people, Down syndrome causes mild to moderate mental disabilities. It is often associated with decreased muscle tone, shorter height, and upward slanting eyes. The reason cats cannot have Down syndrome is because they don't have chromosome 21. Cats only have 19 chromosomes, therefore they literally cannot have an extra chromosome 21 Central cord syndrome (CCS) is an incomplete traumatic injury to the cervical spinal cord - the portion of the spinal cord that runs through the bones of the neck. This injury results in weakness in the arms more so than the legs. The injury is considered incomplete because patients are usually not completely paralyzed Etichetă: Sindromul de Apnee în somn obstructiv Apnee în somn la copii. Cauze, simptome și soluții. Află totul despre acest sindrom din articolul nostru și liniștește-te, există soluții salvatoare! Posted in Sănătate, Somn Tagged apnee in somn la copii, apnee in somn la copii cauze,. DISFUNCTIA VENTILATORIE OBSTRUCTIVA. Disfunctia ventilatorie obstructiva caracteristica fundamentala este prezenta sindromului obstructiv = cresterea rezistentei in caile aeriene la trecerea coloanei de aer Fenomenul obstructiv poate sa se localizeze oriunde de-a lungul cailor aeriene: -sindrom obstructiv al cailor respiratorii superioare (incluzand si traheea) -sindrom obstructiv al cailor.

Sdr. Obstructiv - ePathology.r

Raynaud's phenomenon, sometimes called Raynaud's syndrome or disease, is a disorder of blood circulation in the fingers and toes (and less commonly of the ears and nose). This condition is aggravated by exposure to cold. When a person has Raynaud's phenomenon, exposure to cold abnormally reduces blood circulation, causing the skin to become. Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of subclavian stenosis and, thus, steal syndromes, irrespective of the clinical manifestation. 2,5,6 However, large artery vasculitis, thoracic outlet syndrome, and stenosis after surgical repair of aortic coarctation or tetralogy of Fallot (with a Blalock-Taussig shunt) are other possible causes. Obstructive uropathy occurs when urine cannot drain through the urinary tract. Urine backs up into the kidney and causes it to become swollen. This condition is known as hydronephrosis. Obstructive uropathy can affect one or both kidneys. It can occur suddenly, or be a long-term problem. Common causes of obstructive uropathy include

Sindrom obstructiv distal Forumul Medical ROmedi

Wallenberg syndrome = Lateral medullary syndrome (aka 'PICA' syndrome Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery syndrome) Constellation of neurologic symptoms due to injury to the lateral part of the medulla in the brain. Sensory deficits affecting the trunk (torso) and extremities on the opposite side of the infarction Other potential points of compression near the elbow include the arcade of Struthers, against the medial humeral epicondyle just proximal to the cubital tunnel, and between the humeral and ulnar heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris distal to the cubital tunnel. Aetiology. Specific causes of nerve compression at the cubital tunnel include: overus ConcluziiConcluzii Pacientii cu sindrom de apnee in somn de tipPacientii cu sindrom de apnee in somn de tip obstructiv au numarul, durata si costurile deobstructiv au numarul, durata si costurile de spitalizare mai mari inainte de diagnosticare decatspitalizare mai mari inainte de diagnosticare decat dupa.dupa. Target screening si diagnostic.

Sindromul de Apnee în somn obstructiv (SASO) se explică simplu astfel: o persoană încetează să respire în timpul somnului preț de câteva clipe (3-5 secunde). Da, chiar și cei mici pot avea o astfel de problemă! De obicei, apneea în somn la copii apare deoarece ceva obstrucționează sau blochează căile respiratorii superioare Fanconi Syndrome. Fanconi's syndrome is the result of a generalized proximal tubular defect, which can result from genetic causes such as Wilson's disease and galactosemia, or acquired damage from heavy metals, connective tissue disorders, hematological malignancies (Clarke et al., 1995) or medications (Colson and De Broe, 2005; From. Cauda equina and conus medullaris syndromes have overlap in anatomy and clinical presentation. Therefore, for the purpose of this discussion, they will be grouped, and notable differences highlighted. The conus medullaris is the terminal end of the spinal cord, which typically occurs at the L1 vertebral level in the average adult.[1] Conus medullaris syndrome (CMS) results when there is. Down syndrome was first described by an English physician John Langdon Down in 1866, but its association with chromosome 21 was established almost 100 years later by Dr. Jerome Lejeune in Paris. It is the presence of all or part of the third copy of chromosome 21 which causes Down syndrome, the most common chromosomal abnormality occurring in humans.[1] It is also found that the most. Paraneoplastic syndromes are symptoms that occur at sites distant from a tumor or its metastasis. Although the pathogenesis remains unclear, these symptoms may be secondary to substances secreted by the tumor or may be a result of antibodies directed against tumors that cross-react with other tissue

Sindrom Obstructiv - definitie SfatulMedicului

Mutations in the BSCL2 gene cause Silver syndrome. The BSCL2 gene provides instructions for making a protein called seipin, whose function is unknown. The BSCL2 gene is active (expressed) in cells throughout the body, particularly in nerve cells that control muscle movement (motor neurons) and in brain cells.Within cells, seipin is found in the membrane of a cell structure called the. Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a type of arthritis that affects tendons and ligaments, mainly around your spine. These bands of tissue can become hardened (calcified) and form growths called bone spurs where they connect to your bones. DISH can also cause bone spurs in your hips, knees, shoulders, feet and hands and harden. Berk-Tabatznik syndrome is a medical condition with an unknown cause that shows symptoms of short stature, congenital optic atrophy and brachytelephalangy. This condition is extremely rare with only two cases being found. [findzebra.com] Atrial Septal Defect. The syndrome includes an absent radial bone in the arms, an atrial septal defect.

Obstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS) means an individual has difficulty in moving or evacuating their bowels. A careful assessment, examination and appropriate investigations by a Colorectal specialist will usually identify the cause and allow a management plan to be put in place. The team at the Glasgow Colorectal Centre have particular expertise in the assessment and treatment of patients. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease which alters the function of numerous organ systems and reduces life expectancy. Clinical components of the disease vary depending on the age of the patient. In general, as older the patients get they have more clinical manifestations. Today, thanks to advances in treatment and care, newly diagnosed patients are surviving well into their 50s

= un sindrom caracterizat prin acumularea bilirubinei in ser si depunerea ei in tesutul subcutanat. = un simptom / semn coloratia galbena a mucoaselor si tegumentului Cauze de icter obstructiv. Chistul hidatic rupt in caile biliare Cauze de icter obstructiv Cancer al capului pancreatic Cauze de icter obstructiv Cancer a Wartenberg's Syndrome is described as the entrapment of the superficial branch of the radial nerve[1] with only sensory manifestations and no motor deficits. In this condition, the patient reports pain over the distal radial forearm associated with paresthesia over the dorsal radial hand.[2]This should not be confused with Wartenberg's Sign which refers to the slightly greater abduction of the. Cubital Tunnel Syndrome is a condition that involves pressure or stretching of the ulnar nerve (also known as the funny bone nerve), which can cause numbness or tingling in the ring and small fingers, pain in the forearm, and/or weakness in the hand. The ulnar nerve (Figure 1) runs in a groove on the inner side of the elbow Summary: Eagle syndrome is an aggregate of symptoms caused by an elongated ossified styloid process, the cause of which remains unclear. This is a rare finding that often goes undetected in the absence of radiographic studies. In this case, we present the diagnostic CT and lateral view plain film radiography findings of a 39-year-old woman with clinical evidence of Eagle syndrome

imal medial pisiform, the distal medial hook of the hamate, and the tubercle of the trapezium. The floor is formed by the lunate and capitate bones, and the volar side is formed by the fibrous transverse carpal ligament. The narrow space enclosed by Fig. 1. The anatomy of the CT. (From Cobb TK, Cooney WP, An K. Pressure dynamics of th Malabsorbția este cauzată de multe cauze. Unele modificări ale malabsorbției (de exemplu, boala celiacă) afectează absorbția majorității substanțelor nutritive, a vitaminelor și a oligoelementelor (malabsorbție totală); altele (de exemplu, anemia pernicioasă) sunt mai selective

The Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome is a relatively infrequent phenomenon and is commonly associated with sporting injuries. [5, 6] PSS Is more frequently in the male gender between 25 and 40 years of age. Direct trauma or in a distant site (skull or spine), repetitive trauma, or after an overstretching injury to the medial collateral ligament and. Causes, Risk Factors, and Symptoms of Bile Duct Obstruction. When bile ducts become obstructed, bile builds up in the liver causing jaundice in the patient. Jaundice is the term referring to.

Disfunctii ventilatorii Pneumologie Ghid de bol

Emphysema Definition Emphysema is a chronic respiratory disease where there is over-inflation of the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs, causing a decrease in lung function, and often, breathlessness. Description Emphysema is the most common cause of death from respiratory disease in the United States, and is the fourth most common cause of death overall. X-ray, ultrasound, or MRI pictures of your elbow may be used to find the cause of your symptoms. You may be given contrast liquid to help any problems show up better in the pictures. Tell healthcare providers if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious injury

Sindromul de apnee obstructiva in somn (SAOS): cauze

Conus medullaris syndrome is a type of incomplete spinal cord injury that is less likely to cause paralysis than many other types of spinal cord injuries. Instead, the most common symptoms include: Severe back pain. Strange or jarring sensations in the back, such as buzzing, tingling, or numbness. Bowel and bladder dysfunction, such as. cause of CECS remains unclear but it is thought to be multi-factorial. Contributors to CECS may include: increased muscle size, connective tissue thickness or stiffness, decreased blood flow, and microtraumatic injuries.3 Factors inherent to the individual may include leg length differences and malalignment of the lower leg The hyoid bone has been identified with a specific, although not well recognized, pain syndrome for over 40 years.2 The painful symptoms are generally caused by trauma at the greater cornu of the hyoid bone with the pain radiating to other sites.3 Treatment for the condition ranges from injections of local anesthetic or cortisone to resection of t

Sindrom obstructiv - CSI

Snapping hip syndrome is a condition that is characterized by a snapping sensation, and often an audible 'popping' noise, when the hip is flexed and extended. There are several causes for snapping hip syndrome, most commonly due to tendons catching on a bony prominence and snapping when the hip is moved. 1 . Jeannot Olivet / Getty Images If blood leaks into the compartment, or the compartment is compressed, this can cause a decrease in neurovascular integrity, distal to the compressing agent or injury. This is known as compartment syndrome (Wedro 2016). Compartment syndrome can be identified through neurovascular assessment in patients following extreme trauma O viață sexuală împlinită are o legătură strânsă cu starea ta de sănătate. De aceea, pe lângă alimentația sănătoasă, somnul și reducerea stresului, este recomandat să mergi periodic la medicul urolog pentru a preveni apariția unor boli care provin, de foarte multe ori, din boli cu transmitere sexuală When a tendon in your biceps muscle tears, it can cause the muscle to bunch up and form a large, painful ball on your upper arm. This bulge is called a Popeye deformity or Popeye sign. Here's how. Durere articulatie pumn - diagnostic si tratament Home » Durere articulatie pumn - diagnostic si tratament Ce este articulatia pumnului (incheietura mainii)? Articulatia pumnului (incheietura mainii) este formata din capatul distal al celor doua oase ale antebratului (radius si ulna) si cele opt oase carpiene, dispuse in doua randuri. Primul rand consta din scafoid, semilunar [

Thoracic outlet syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Other causes of chronic shoulder pain are labral injury, osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral or acromioclavicular joint and, rarely, osteolysis of the distal clavicle. Shoulder pain is a common. The cavernous sinuses consist of extradural venous plexuses surrounded by a dural fold. The intracavernous internal carotid artery with its periarterial sympathetic plexus runs between the venules of the parasellar venous plexus (Fig. 1A, 1B).The abducens nerve runs lateral to the internal carotid artery, but medial to the oculomotor and trochlear nerves and the ophthalmic and maxillary.

Sindrom obstructiv distal - secțiunea 2 - ROmedi

The H reflex is the most sensitive test for early GBS. Upper extremity SNAPs are also frequently abnormal in early GBS. Absent H response, abnormal F wave, and abnormal upper extremity SNAP combined with a normal sural SNAP are characteristic of early GBS. If multiple nerves are tested, definite dia IgA reprezintă 10-15% din totalul imunoglobulinelor 1. IgA sunt anticorpii secretori majori; se găsesc în lacrimi, salivă, secreţii respiratorii, gastrointestinale şi urogenitale. In forma dimerică (IgA 2) conţin suplimentar 2 lanţuri oligopeptice: unul joncţional şi altul secretor (o glicoproteină) A type of lung disease marked by permanent damage to tissues in the lungs, making it hard to breathe. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease includes chronic bronchitis, in which the bronchi (large air passages) are inflamed and scarred, and emphysema, in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) are damaged. It develops over many years and is usually. CMT4 is a rare subtype of CMT, a genetic, neurological disorder that causes damage to the peripheral nerves — tracts of nerve cell fibers that connect the brain and spinal cord to muscles and sensory organs. CMT4 is a subtype of CMT that is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. Individuals with CMT4 present a typical CMT phenotype.

Sindrom Gitelman merupakan suatu kelainan autosomal resesif. Keluhan yang muncul antara lain fatigue yang berat, poliuria, nokturia, dan kram. Namun, sindrom ini mempunyai kadar plasma renin yang tinggi. Sedangkan, pada pasien ini kadar plasma reninnya rendah.2 Sindrom Bartter merupakan suatu sindrom yan This disease causes protein to build up in a part of the kidney called the glomerular basement membrane. It is the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in white adults. Minimal change disease. Also called nil disease, this disease is the main cause of nephrotic syndrome in children. Among adults, nephrotic syndrome is more common in older age Down syndrome (DS) is one of the commonest disorders with huge medical and social cost. DS is associated with number of phenotypes including congenital heart defects, leukemia, Alzeihmer's disease, Hirschsprung disease etc. DS individuals are affected by these phenotypes to a variable extent thus understanding the cause of this variation is a key challenge. In the present review article, we. Introduction to Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS), is also known as 22q13 Deletion syndrome. It is a genetic condition that is caused by a variance of the SHANK3 gene or a deletion (a missing piece) of genetic material that causes many different but related symptoms. The genetic changes that cause PMS vary from person to person and can occur randomly (de novo) or be. The underlying cause of several clinical syndromes, including Wernicke encephalopathy, wet beriberi, and dry beriberi, rather than a single clinical condition or diagnosis. Clinical presentation depends on the chronicity of the vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency. As signs and symptoms are nonspecif..